FENG Wenhao, LI Xin, FAN Qibin. The Scanning Mathematical Models of a Laser-theodolite with Three Freedoms of Rotation[J]. Geomatics and Information Science of Wuhan University, 2002, 27(2): 179-183.
 Citation: FENG Wenhao, LI Xin, FAN Qibin. The Scanning Mathematical Models of a Laser-theodolite with Three Freedoms of Rotation[J]. Geomatics and Information Science of Wuhan University, 2002, 27(2): 179-183.

# The Scanning Mathematical Models of a Laser-theodolite with Three Freedoms of Rotation

• The structured light industrial surveying with high accuracy(e.g.±1mm) based on laser theodolite with three freedoms of rotation is particularly applicable for texture-lacking objects,such as capacity of oil tanker,external form of airplane and ship etc.As we know that certain instrument(such as Leica Profiler 4000) can not be used for this kind of objects,because its standard error(±5mm,even more) does not satisfy the accuracy reguirement.In this paper the scanning equation of plumb plane and the scanning equation of circular cone are firstly deduced when the laser theodolite with two freedoms of rotation is used.Then some scanning equations are briefly deduced when the instrument with three freedoms of rotation is used.These equations include the scanning equation of huperbolid of one sheet generated by rotating around the vertical axis(host axis),the scanning equation of huperbolid of one sheet generated by rotating around the horizotal axis(countershaft axis),and the scanning equation of plane for given orientation generated by rotating around the third axis.According to these planes and surfaces of known position and orientation in space,the space coordinates of unknown points could be determinates,and just one angle-measured instrument(or one CCD camera) is needed.The accuracy obtained by using this system(through the intersection) is much better than the accuracy by using the total station without reflector,(such as TCR,Leica).Furthermore,the system consists of a laser-theodolite,an angle-measured instrument and a portable computer,so it belongs to"toy bricks type" and it is quite cheap.It is also emphasized that the mathematical models in this paper could be used as designing model of certain laser scanning system.

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