Objectives In recent years, the brain-like navigation algorithm is a new research hotspot, which is expected to achieve autonomous navigation by imitating the ability of biological navigation. The core issue is how to improve generalization ability.
Methods This paper introduces the research background and theoretical basis of the brain-like navigation algorithm. After investigation, we propose a computational framework of brain-like navigation algorithm. The outstanding works in this field are discussed and analyzed under this framework, and we carried out experimental verification of some basic methods.
Results The main contributions of this paper are: (1) Comprehensively introduces and summarizes the theoretical basis and outstanding works in this field. (2) Proposes the computational framework of the brain-like navigation algorithm, which scientifically defines the functions of different modules of the algorithm. (3) Through theoretical analysis and experimental verification, we summarized valuable conclusions and expectations.
Conclusions In terms of model design, mature methods of deep learning can also be applied to this problem, but need more modifications to further improve navigation capabilities; in terms of model training, combining the advantages of multiple learning algorithms is hopeful to further improve the generalization ability.