Objectives The application and development of remote sensing image requires higher and higher image quality. Different processing methods and parameters are often needed for different quality remote sensing images, which is not suitable for the intelligent demand. Through the classification of remote sensing image quality level, it can provide prior information for remote sensing image processing, evaluate the objective quality of remote sensing image, assessment the effect of sensor imaging. With the development and popularization of deep learning theory, it is possible to evaluate the quality of digital images by using deep convolution neural network.
Methods We propose a classification model of quality classification for remote sensing images based on deep convolution neural network. It is established by improving the feature extraction network and classification design.After the quality classification pretreatment, the classical deep learning method is used to detect the target, and the detection accuracy is obviously improved, which can effectively solve the problem of unbalanced quality of the training set data.
Results The experimental results show that this proposed method is better than the traditional method. The highest score value of accuracy, recall, precision and F1_score can reach 0.976, 0.972, 0.974 and 0.973 on the remote sensing image data set of Northwestern Polytechnic University.
Conclusions The classification of remote sensing image quality by convolution neural network extends the application field of deep learning. It provides a new method for the quality evaluation of remote sensing image. The classical deep learning method is used to detect the target, and the detection accuracy is obviously improved though quality classification. It provides a way to solve the problem of imbalance in remote sensing image quality.