引用本文: 刘超, 王彬, 赵兴旺, 余学祥. 三维坐标转换的高斯-赫尔默特模型及其抗差解法[J]. 武汉大学学报 ( 信息科学版), 2018, 43(9): 1320-1327.
LIU Chao, WANG Bin, ZHAO Xingwang, YU Xuexiang. Three-Dimensional Coordinate Transformation Model and Its Robust Estimation Method Under Gauss-Helmert Model[J]. Geomatics and Information Science of Wuhan University, 2018, 43(9): 1320-1327.
 Citation: LIU Chao, WANG Bin, ZHAO Xingwang, YU Xuexiang. Three-Dimensional Coordinate Transformation Model and Its Robust Estimation Method Under Gauss-Helmert Model[J]. Geomatics and Information Science of Wuhan University, 2018, 43(9): 1320-1327.

## Three-Dimensional Coordinate Transformation Model and Its Robust Estimation Method Under Gauss-Helmert Model

• 摘要: 对三维坐标转换的高斯-赫尔默特（Gauss-Helmert，GH）模型，采用牛顿-高斯（Newton-Gauss）迭代算法构建了该模型的拉格朗日目标函数，推导了其解算方法，并给出了具体的计算步骤。在此基础上，考虑到可能出现的粗差对观测空间与结构空间的综合影响，基于标准化残差构造权因子函数，推导了该模型的抗差解法。仿真实验结果表明，GH模型用于三维坐标转换时不受旋转角度大小和其他附加条件限制，解算结果与现有算法一致，且估计参数的维数大大降低，计算效率有一定程度的提高；所提出的抗差解法效果良好，与现有基于整体最小二乘的三维坐标转换的抗差解法相比，表现出了更好的稳健性。

Abstract: For three-dimensional coordinate transformation, it's impossible using the Gauss-Markov model to obtain optimal parameter estimation from the functional model with error in its coefficient matrix. On the other hand, errors-in-variables model has difficulty expressing the functional model, and partial errors-in-variables model is complex as well as too much parameters to be estimated for the quasi-observation method. Therefore, Gauss-Helmert model is employed for three-dimensional coor-dinate transformation. The target function of the proposed model is established based on Newton-Gauss iterative algorithm, and the estimated method and its derivation procedure also are presented in this paper. Beyond the above process, we proposed a new robust estimation method for the proposed model, which is based on the normalized residual error and takes the influence of gross error on both observation and structure spaces into consideration. Meanwhile, derivational process of statistical tests and iterative algorithm are presented. The simulation experiment results show that the proposed estimation method has the same accuracy as the traditional method, which has robust with angular dimension and other additional conditions, but less estimation parameters. In addition, the new robust estimation method has effective robustness when comparing with the other existing robust total least square methods for the coordinate transformation.

/

• 分享
• 用微信扫码二维码

分享至好友和朋友圈