The census and monitoring of geographical national conditions is an important part of the research concerning national conditions, including economic and human conditions. This paper summarizes the achievement of the first national geographic census and monitoring results pertaining to special topics in geographical national conditions. The innovations on contents, technologies and expression of outcomes are discussed. The authors asrgue that ground subsidence and deformation, impervious surfaces, the humanities and social economic information should be added as new conditions to be monitored. In terms of technological innovation, basic surveying and mapping products must be fully exploited and data on economic and human geographical conditions acquired by sharing and data conversion from different Industries, verified through crowd sourced data processing, and updated based on the earth observation sensors network. The Ontology, integration model in vector and raster could be used to express the geographic conditions, and simple index on National Geographic National Census and statistical results and monitoring data could be released according to the user-oriented demands.